Formic acid is an organic matter, the chemical formula is HCOOH, the molecular weight of 46.03, it is the simplest carboxylic acid. Formic acid is a colorless and pungent liquid, which can be arbitrarily miscible with water, ethanol, ether and glycerol, and with most polar organic solvents, and also has a certain solubility in hydrocarbons. High concentrations of formic acid solutions are prone to ice in winter. Formic acid is a weak electrolyte, but its aqueous solution is weakly acidic and highly corrosive, which can stimulate skin foaming.
Formic acid is one of the basic organic chemical raw materials, widely used in pesticides, leather, dyes, medicine and rubber and other industries.
Pesticide industry: can be used for the processing of Triadimefon, triazolone, tricyclic azole, triaminazole, triazole phosphorus, pleotropic azole, acrylic azole, insecticidal ether, chlorol.
Chemical industry: manufacturing of a variety of formate, formamide, Pentaerythritol, Neopentyl glycol, epoxy soybean oil, epoxy soybean octanate, special valyl chloride, paint agent, phenolic resin raw materials.
Leather industry: used as a tanning preparation, ash remover and neutralizing agent for leather. Rubber industry: used in the processing of natural rubber condensant, rubber anti-aging agent manufacturing. Formic acid and its aqueous solution can dissolve many metals, metal oxides, hydroxide and salts, and the resulting formate salt can dissolve in water, so it can be used as a chemical cleaning agent. Formic acid does not contain chloride ions and can be used for the cleaning of equipment containing stainless steel materials.
Used to mix apple, papaya, jackfruit, bread, cheese, cheese, cream and other edible flavor and whisky, rum with flavor. It can also make printing and dyeing media and dyeing agents, fiber and paper dyeing agents, treatment agents, plasticizer, food preservation, animal feed additives and reducing agents.
Dangerous characteristics of formic acid: combustible; its steam and air can form an explosive mixture, in open fire, high heat energy to cause combustion and explosion. Chemical reactions can occur in contact with strong oxidants. Strong corrosive.
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Post time: Jul-19-2022